APPSC Group - II Mains

Thursday, April 29, 2021

Subject : Key Concepts in Indian Constitution  : Constitution of India

Original title : भारतीय संविधान (IAST: Bhāratīya Saṃvidhāna), 

Ratified : 26 November 1949, 

Date effective : 26 January 1950, 

System : Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Republic

Branches : Three (Executive, Legislature and Judiciary)

Chambers : Two (Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha)

Executive : Prime minister-led cabinet responsible to the lower house of the parliament

Judiciary : Supreme court, high courts and district courts

Federalism : Federal

Electoral college : Yes, for presidential and vice-presidential elections

Entrenchments - 2

Amendments - 104

Last amended - 25 January 2020 (104th)

Location - Parliament House, New Delhi, India

Author's For Indian Constitution : 

Chairman of the Drafting Committee - B. R. Ambedkar, 

Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly - Benegal Narsing Rau, 

Chief Draftsman of the Constituent Assembly - Surendra Nath Mukherjee, 

Signatories 284 members of the Constituent Assembly

Supersedes : Government of India Act 1935 , Indian Independence Act 1947

Parts - 22

Articles - 395. 

Note : Parts of the Indian Constitution added as Amendments

Three parts – 9A Municipalities, 9B Co-operative societies and 14A tribunals – are added to the original constitution via amendments.

Various articles were also added under these, Now it's 25 parts of Indian constitution as amendments. At present, the total article count is around 450.

Schedules of Indian Constitution : 

Original Indian Constitution had 8 schedules. After various amendments, now the Indian Constitution has 12 schedules.


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